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高二年级英语必修五第一单元课后阅读与写作

Reading and writing

Reading
Copernicus’ Revolutionary Theory

Warming up
? Can you name the eight planets in the solar system?

Eight Planets in the Solar System

Eight Planets in the Solar System

? Mercury
? Venus ? Earth ? Mars
? Jupiter ? Saturn ? Uranus ? Neptune

['m?:kjuri]

水星

['vi:n?s]

金星

地球

[mɑ:z]

火星

['d?u:p?t?]

木星

['s? t?n]

土星

['j??r?n?s]

天王星

['neptju:n] 海王星

Fast reading
? 1. When did Copernicus publish his theory? He only published it as he lay dying in 1543.

Careful reading
? Why didn’t Copernicus publish his theory earlier? Because he would be attacked or punished by the powerful Christian Church.

Post-reading

? 1.Use the reading to help you draw the two theories of the universe.

Before Copernicus’ theory

Showing Copernicus’ theory

A diagram showing the A diagram showing

solar system with the the solar system with

earth at its centre

the sun at its centre

Post-reading
? 2.Discussion (pair work) If you were Nicolaus Copernicus, would you have hidden your theory for so many years? Give a reason.

Writing

Persuasive writing
? Persuasive writing is about changing somebody else’s point of view.
? Three things you have to do to practise this kind of writing: 1. give your ideas clearly 2. give your supporting evidence 3. give an conclusion
Attention: present tense

Writing Task
? Now write a short letter asking Copernicus to publish his ideas so everyone can read them.

Writing Task
Your reasons why he should publish his ideas.

Writing plan
? Paragraph 1 : Tell Copernicus
who you are and why you want him to publish his ideas.
? Paragraph 2: Reason 1. ? Paragraph 3: Reason 2. ? Summing up: Ask him to think
again about publishing his ideas.

Writing tips
Dear Nicolaus Copernicus,
I am ______ (who you are) and I would very much like to read your new theory about the solar system. I hope ______ (your idea) for several reasons.

? I understand the problems with the present theory(reason 1)._______ (explanation:the problems). So I agree with you that we need a new theory.

I know your observations have been very carefully carried out over many years (reason 2). _______ (explanation: to encourage him). No matter how people oppose it, time will show if your ideas are right or wrong. I will always support you.
So I hope _______ (conclusion).
Best wishes

Writing example
Dear Nicolaus Copernicus, I am a student studying astronomy and I would very much like to read your new theory about the solar system. I hope you will publish it for several reasons.

Writing example
I understand the problems with
the present theory. ①The way
the planets move doesn’t make any sense if the earth was the
centre of the solar system. ②It
is also strange that the brightness of some stars seems to change. So I agree with you that we need a new theory.

Writing example
I know your observations have been very carefully carried out over many years. ①Now you must have the courage to publish them. ② Science can never advance unless people have the courage of their beliefs. ③I know you worry about what will happen if you publish your new theory. ④No matter how people oppose it, time will show if your ideas are right or wrong.

Writing example
So I hope you will feel you can publish your new theory.
Best wishes
Your sincerely
Zhang Hua

Homework
Now write a short letter asking Copernicus to publish his ideas so everyone can read them.

知识回顾 Knowledge Review

放映结束 感谢各位的批评指导!
谢 谢!
让我们共同进步




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